Object Pronouns


Earlier in the course, you learned how to use subject pronouns in Spanish. In this lesson, you'll learn how to use object pronouns. You'll also learn how to use possessive adjectives.

Demonstrative pronouns are covered in the lesson This and That.

First we'll start with a short conversation in Spanish between Sofía and Ana when they are in a clothing store.



Listen to the following conversation between Sofía and Ana as they are deciding on which clothes to buy.

Clothing Store


Ana necesita una camisa nueva, así que ella y Sofía entran en una tienda de ropa.

Sofía: Esta camiseta es muy bonita.

Ana: Sí, pero es demasiado pequeño.

Sofía ¿Qué tal esta blusa?

Ana: No me gusta el color.

Sofía: Estas camisetas están de oferta y son muy baratas.

Ana: Me gusta la camisa azul y la roja.

Sofía: Creo que quiero comprar una de estas camisas también.

Ana: ¿Qué color te gusta?

Sofía: Me gusta la camisa blanca.

Ana: Vamos a comprarlos.


Ana needs a new shirt, so she and Sofía walk into a clothing store.

Sofía: This t-shirt is very nice.

Ana: Yeah, but it's too small.

Sofía: How about this blouse?

Ana: I don't like the colour.

Sofía: These shirts are on sale and they are very cheap.

Ana: I like the blue shirt and the red shirt.

Sofía: I think I want to buy one of these shirts too.

Ana: Which color do you like?

Sofía: I like the white shirt.

Ana: Let's go buy them.


There are three types of personal pronouns in Spanish: subject pronouns, object pronouns, and prepositional pronouns. Subject pronouns were already covered earlier in the course. In this lesson, we'll learn about object pronouns and prepositional pronouns.

Subject and Object of a Sentence

The subject of the sentence is who or what the sentence is about. This can be a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase. The subject is doing the action in a sentence.

The direct object of a sentence is the noun or pronoun that is receiving the action. The indirect object in a sentence receives the direct object. Only certain verbs require indirect objects. Not all sentences have direct objects or indirect objects, but a sentence that has an indirect object, also needs to have an indirect object.

In English, if there is an indirect object in a sentence, it usually comes before the direct object. If you want to put the indirect object after the direct object, you need to put to before the inderect object. Some examples will help clear this up. The subject in these examples is in red, the direct object is in blue, and the indirect object is in orange.

I saw her.

I gave her the keys.

I gave the keys to her.

An object pronoun is the the form of a pronoun to use when it is the object of a sentence.

Pronoun Summary

The following table lists the subject, object, and indirect object forms of Spanish pronouns.

Spanish Subject Object Indirect Object English
yo me me I
te te you (one person informal)
usted lo, la le you (one person formal)
él lo le he, it
ella la le she, it
nosotros, nosotras nos nos we
vosotros, vosotras os os you (plural informal)
ustedes los, las les you (plural formal)
ellos, ellas las, los les they



Pronouns can be difficult to master in Spanish. Here are some examples of how to use pronouns correctly. Remember that Spanish subject pronouns are often dropped in a sentence.

Sound Soy yo. It's me.
Sound Son ellos. It's them.
Sound ¿Qué haces mañana? What are you doing tomorrow?
(Speaking to one friend or family member)
Sound ¿Qué hacéis mañana? What are you doing tomorrow?
(Speaking to more than one friend and/or family member)
Sound ¿Me puede usted ayudar? Can you help me? (Speaking to a stranger)
Sound Los oímos. We hear them.
Sound El gato nos ve. The cat sees us.
Sound ¿Viste la película? Did you see the film?
Sound No veo a tu padre en la cocina. I don't see your father in the kitchen.
Sound Los vi en el parque. I saw them at the park.
Sound ¿Lo quieres? Do you want it?
Sound Aquí está una taza. ¿Quieres tenerla? Here is a cup. Do you want to have it?
Sound Aquí está el libro. ¿Quieres tenerlo? Here is the book. Do you want to have it?
Sound Hay la cuchara. Ponla en la mesa. There is the spoon. Put it on the table.
Sound Te dijo la verdad. He told you the truth.
Sound Dígame lo que es. Tell me what it is.
Sound Acabo de conocerle. I just met him.

Pronouns After a Preposition

When following a preposition, pronouns have the form shown in the following table. Note: yo and tú are used instead of mí and ti for a few prepositions such as entre and según, and when more than one pronoun is used.

Spanish English
ti you (singular informal)
usted you (singular formal)
él him, it
ella her, it
nosotros, nosotras we
vosotros you (plural informal)
ustedes you (plural formal)
ellos, ellas they


Sound El regalo es para mí. The gift is for me.
Sound El regalo es para ti. The gift is for you.
Sound El libro es para él. The book is for him.
Sound La mesa está entre tú y yo. The table is between you and me.

Pronouns After Con

The preposition con has a few special forms: conmigo (with me), contigo (with you familiar), and consigo (with himself, with herself, with yourself, with themselves).


Sound Ellos fueron con nosotros. They went with us.
Sound ¿Puedo ir contigo? Can I go with you? (informal)
Sound ¿Puedo ir con usted? Can I go with you? (polite or formal)
Sound Él está enojado conmigo. He is angry with me.
Sound Ella está enojada con él. She is angry with him.
Sound Ella está enojada consigo. She is angry with herself.

Possessive Pronouns

A possessive pronoun is a pronoun that shows ownership. In Spanish possessive pronouns have different forms depending the number and gender of the object that is posessed. The following table shows the different forms.

masculine feminine plural
mío mía míos/mías mine
tuyo tuya tuyos/tuyas yours (fam)
suyo suya suyos/suyas yours (fml)
suyo suya suyos/suyas his/hers
nuestro nuestra nuestros/nuestras ours
vuestro vuestra vuestros/vuestras yours (fam pl)
suyo suya suyos/suyas yours (formal pl)
suyo suya suyos/suyas theirs


Sound El dinero es nuestro. The money is ours.
Sound Ese libro es mío. That book is mine.
Sound Esta camisa es mía. This shirt is mine.
Sound Los libros son tuyos. The books are yours.


Here are some questions to help you learn Spanish pronouns. Use the familiar forms of you.

I see you.
She doesn't hear you.
They hear us. (f)
The book is for me.
He is with me.
Do you want them? (m)
The money is mine.
The shirt is yours.