Nouns - Learn Spanish
In this lesson you'll learn how to use nouns in the Spanish language. You'll also learn about the Spanish definite and indefinite articles, and how they are used with nouns.
Flashcards and a quiz are included at the end of the lesson to help you learn the Spanish definite and indefinite articles, along with the nouns introduced in this lesson.
Nouns are words that refer to people, places, things and concepts. Nouns can refer to one item (singular) or more than one item (plural). In Spanish, all nouns either have a masculine or feminine gender.
All nouns in Spanish belong to either a masculine or a feminine grammatical gender. The gender of the noun affects the form of the definite article, indefinite article, and adjectives related to it.
Nouns ending in a are usually feminine. All nouns ending in -ción/sión, -dad/tad, and -ez are also feminine. Nouns ending in o, except "mano" (hand), and "radio" are masculine. In other cases the gender of the noun can't be predicted and will need to be memorized.
The plural of nouns is formed by adding s when the noun ends in a vowel and es when the noun ends in a consonant.
In Spanish, the definite article, the in English, has different forms depending on whether the noun it is associated with is masculine or feminine, singular or plural. As in English the definite article comes before the noun.
In Spanish, the indefinite article, a or an in English, has different forms depending on whether the noun it is associated with is masculine or feminine, singular or plural. The plural form of the indefinite article is equivalent to some in English.
Here are some examples showing how the Spanish definite and indefinite articles are used with nouns.
|la mujer||the woman|
|las mujeres||the women|
|el hombre||the man|
|los hombres||the men|
|la ciudad||the city|
|las ciudades||the cities|
|la nación||the nation|
|las naciones||the nations|
|la taza||the cup|
|las tazas||the cups|
|una taza||a cup|
|unas tazas||some cups|
|el libro||the book|
|los libros||the books|
|un libro||a book|
|unos libros||some books|
|el cielo||the sky|
|el sol||the sun|
Here are some flashcards to help you learn the nouns introduced in this lesson.
For each question write the Spanish word. Make sure to use the correct definite or indefinite article.
Read the following conversation between Pedro, Martín, and Ana. Note that Pedro and Martín use the informal version of you, since they are friends. Since Ana has just met Martín, she uses the polite form of you.
Pedro y Ana caminan hacia un restaurante para almorzar. En el camino ven a Martín que es amigo de Pedro.
Pedro: Hola Martín. ¿Cómo estás?
Martín: Está bien.
Pedro: Te presento a Ana. Ella es de Valencia.
Martín: Mucho gusto.
Ana: Es un placer conocerlo también. ¿Tiene hambre? Vamos a almorzar.
Martín: Tengo hambre, pero tengo que volver a trabajar. Quizás podamos encontrarnos más tarde.
Pedro: Vamos. Daniel ya está en el restaurante.
Pedro and Ana are walking to a restaurant for lunch. On the way they see Pedro's friend Martín.
Pedro: Hi Martín. How's it going?
Pedro: This is Ana. She is from Valencia.
Martín: Nice to meet you.
Ana: Nice to meet you too. Are you hungry? We're going for lunch.
Martín: I'm hungry, but I have to go back to work. Maybe we can meet up later.
Pedro: Let's go. Daniel is already at the restaurant.
Here is a quiz to help you practice the Spanish definite and indefinite articles and the nouns introduced in this lesson.