Asking Questions

Chimborazo

In this lesson you'll learn how to ask questions in Spanish. You'll also learn some Spanish words for people and parts of the body.

Online flashcards are included at the end of the lesson to help you learn the Spanish vocabulary included in this lesson.

Spanish Grammar

There are three ways of asking questions in Spanish:

  • starting a sentence with a question word
  • emphasizing the end of a sentence
  • changing the word order of a sentence.

Each of these ways will be discussed in this lesson.

In the written language, questions start with a ¿ and end with a ?.

Question words

In the spoken language, sentences can be turned into questions by emphasizing the end of the sentence. As in English, Spanish also has words that indicate a question.

The following table lists some common Spanish question words.

¿Cómo? How?
¿Cuánto? How much?
¿Cuántos? How many?
¿Qué? What?
¿Cuándo? When?
¿Dónde? Where?
¿Adónde? To where?
¿Por qué? Why?
¿Para qué? What for?
¿Quién? Who?

Examples

¿Quién es usted? Who are you? (speaking to one person)
¿Qué es? What is it?
¿Qué dijiste? What did you say?
¿Por qué están ustedes aquí? Why are you here? (to more than one person)
¿Dónde está ella? Where is she?
¿Adónde vas? Where are you going?
¿Cuánto cuesta? How much does it cost?
¿Lo tiene usted? Do you have it?
¿Van allí? Are they going there?
¿Podemos ir? Can we go?
¿Trabaja Carlos mañana? Is Carlos working tomorrow?

Emphasizing the end of a sentence

To ask a sentence in Spanish that can be answered by or no, all you need to do is raise the pitch of your voice at the end of the sentence.

Examples

¿Hablas español? Do you speak spanish?
¿Es profesor? Is he a professor?
¿Tú lo has hecho? Did you do it?

Changing word order

A common way of asking a question in Spanish is to put the verb, including any present or past participles, before the subject of the sentence. The subject of the sentence also goes after any direct or indirect objects.

Examples

¿Lo has hecho tú? Did you do it?
¿Te estaba visitando tu padre? Was your father visiting you?
¿Vio la película tu hermano? Did your brother see the movie?

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Spanish Vocabulary

In this section you'll learn some common Spanish words for people and parts of the body.

el hombre the man
la mujer the woman
la niña the child, the girl
el niño the child, the boy
la madre the mother
el padre the father
la hermana the sister
el hermano the brother
el hijo the son
la hija the daughter
la cabeza the head
la cara the face
el cabello the hair
el ojo the eye
la oreja the ear
el brazo the arm
la mano the hand
el dedo the finger
la pierna the leg
el pie the foot

Flashcards

Here are some flashcards to help you learn the Spanish words included in this lesson.

Practice

Write the Spanish translation for each of the following sentences.

Who are you? (polite)

What is it?

Where is she?

Where are you going?

How much does it cost?

Read Spanish

Read the section below where Lucas talks about his family and where he lives.

After you have read it, write about your own family and where you live.

Spanish

Hola. Mi nombre es Lucas. Tengo quince años.

Tengo un hermano. Su nombre es Martín y tiene dieciséis años. También tengo una hermana. Su nombre es Sofía y tiene catorce años.

Mi familia vive en una casa en Madrid. Nuestra casa tiene cuatro dormitorios y tres baños. Hay dos manzanos y un pequeño jardín en nuestro patio trasero.

English

Hi. My name is Lucas. I am fifteen years old.

I have a brother. His name is Martín, and he is sixteen. I also have a sister. Her name is Sofía, and she is fourteen.

My family lives in a house in Madrid. Our house has four bedrooms and three bathrooms. There are two apple trees and a small garden in our back yard.