Icelandic Phrases

Iceland

Welcome to the Aderalingua Icelandic Phrases course. This is a free online course to help you learn some useful words and phrases in the Icelandic language.

This course includes Icelandic phrases for introducing yourself, greeting people, and everyday situations. Icelandic words for common colors, numbers, and adjectives are also included.

Online flashcards are included to help you improve your Icelandic vocabulary.

Let's get started learning Icelandic.

Pronunciation

Like English, the Icelandic alphabet is based on the Latin alphabet. The following table shows the pronunciation of some of the letters in Icelandic that may be a bit tricky for English speakers.

Á á Pronounced like ou is house.
Ð ð Pronounced like th in father.
É é Pronounced like ye in yet.
G g Pronounced like the g in good at the beginning of a word. Between vowels like ch in German or Scottish loch. Sometimes silent.
J j Pronounced like y in yes.
Ó ó Pronounced like oa in boat.
Ú ú Pronounced like oo in moon.
Þ þ Pronounced like th in three.
Æ æ Pronounced like i in ice.
Ö ö Pronounced similar to u in fur.

Introduction and Greeting Phrases

This section includes Icelandic phrases used in introducing yourself and greeting others. The approximate pronunciation is given in parentheses. There's a short video at the end of this section to help you improve your pronunciation.

Halló.
(hallo)
Hello.
Hæ.
(hi)
Hi.
Bless.
(bless)
Goodbye.
Góðan dag.
(goadhan dag)
Good morning.
Gott kvöld.
(got kvuhld)
Good evening.
Góða nótt.
(goadha noat)
Good night.
Hvað heitir þú?
(kvadh haytir thoo)
What is your name?
Ég heiti ___.
(yeg hayti ___.)
My name is ___.
Gleður mig að kynnast þér
(gledhur mig adh kinnast thyer)
Nice to meet you.
Gaman að kynnast þér
(gaman adh kinnast thyer)
Pleased to meet you.
Hvernig hefur þú það?
(kvernik hevur thoo thadh)
How are you?
Hvernig gengur? How's it going?
Gott takk. (Og þú?)
(got tack. Og thoo)
(I'm) good, thanks. (And you?)
Talar þú ensku?
(talar thoo ensku)
Do you speak English?
Ég tala ekki íslensku.
(yeg tala ekki eeslensku)
I can't speak Icelandic.
Sjáumst síðar! See you later!
Sjáumst bráðlega! See you soon!
Hvar áttu heima? Where do you live?
Ég bý í ___. I live in ___.
Hvaðan ertu?
(kvadhan ertoo)
Where are you from?
Ég er frá ___.
(yeg er frow)
I'm from ___.

Here are some flashcards to help you learn these useful Icelandic phrases for greeting people and introducing yourself to others.

Flashcards

Youtube video from Expert Village to help with pronunciation.


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Common Phrases

This section includes some useful Icelandic phrases that are used in everyday life. The approximate pronunciation is given in parentheses.

Já.
(yow)
Yes.
Nei.
(nay)
No.
Ertu búinn? Are you finished?
Farðu varlega! Be careful!
Get ég hjálpað þér? Can I help you?
Getur þú hjálpað mér? Can you help me?
Komdu með mér. Come with me.
Virkaði það? Did it work?
Ég hef áhyggjur. I'm worried.
Ekki hafa áhyggjur! Don't worry!
Allt er í lagi. Everything is all right.
Afsakið.
(afsahkidh)
Excuse me.
Fyrirgefðu.
(Firirgyevdhu)
Pardon me.
Hringdu í mig. Give me a call.
Gangi þér vel! Good Luck!
Gettu hvað! Guess what!
Góða skemmtun! Have fun!
Hjálp!
(Hyowlp)
Help!
Hversu langt í burtu er það? How far away is it?
Hvað kostar það?
(Kvadh kostar thahdh)
How much is it?
Ég gerði það.
(Yeg gyerdhi thadh)
I did it.
Ég gerði það ekki.
(Yeg gyerdhi thadh ekki)
I didn't do it.
Ég veit.
(yeg vait)
I know.
Ég veit ekki.
(yeg vait ekki)
I don't know.
Ég skil.
(yeg skill)
I understand.
Ég skil ekki.
(yeg skill ekki)
I don't understand.
Ég fann það. I found it.
Ég elska þig! I love you!
Þetta líkar mér. I like that.
Þetta líkar mér ekki. I don't like that.
Ég myndi vilja ___. I would like ___.
Ef ég væri þú.
(Ef yeg vighri thoo)
If I were you.
Ég hringi í þig seinna. I'll call you later.
Ég er fullur. (male) Ég er full.(female) I'm full.
Ég er svangur.(male) Ég er svöng.(female)
(Yeg er svangur, Yeg er svöng)
I'm hungry.
Ég er týndur. (male) Ég er týnd.(female) I'm lost.
Því miður.
(Thvee midhur)
I'm sorry.
Ég er þyrstur. (male) Ég er þyrst.(female)
(yeg er thirstur, yeg er thirst)
I'm thirsty.
Ég er þreytt.(female) Yeg er þreyttur.(male)
(Yeg er thrayt(ur))
I'm tired.
Er allt í lagi? Is everything all right?
Er einhver þarna? Is someone there?
Það virkar ekki.
(Thahdh virkar ekki)
It doesn't work.
Það er mikilvægt. It's important.
Það er ekki mikilvægt. It's not important.
Förum. Let's go.
Við skulum gera það besta úr því. Let's make the best of it.
Varúð!
(Varoodh)
Look out!
Gjörðu svo vel!
(gyurdhu svo vell)
Please!
Mér þykir það leitt!
(myer thickir thahdh layt)
Sorry!
Slakaðu á. Take it easy.
Takk fyrir!(tahk firrir) Thank you!
Þakka þér kærlega fyrir! Thank you very much!
Takk.
(tahk)
Thanks.
Það er í lagi. That's fine.
Það er frábært! That's great!
Það er rétt!
(Thahdh er ryet)
That's right!
Hvað ertu að gera? What are you doing?
Hvað sagði hann? What did he say?
Hvað sagði hún? What did she say?
Hvað sagðir þú? What did you say?
Hvað heldur þú? What do you think?
Hvað þýðir það? What does that mean?
Hvað gerðist? What happened?
Hvað er þetta? What is that?
Hvert er vandamálið? What's the problem?
Hvað er að?
(Kvadh er ahdh)
What's wrong?
Hvað er klukkan? What time is it?
Hvað viltu að drekka? What would you like to drink?
Hvað viltu að borða? What would you like to eat?
Hvar gistir þú? Where are you staying? (to one person)
Hvar er sjúkrahús? Where is the hospital?
Hvar er snyrting? Where is the washroom?
Hvar voru þeir? Where were they?
Hver er það? Who is that?
Hver veit?
(Kver vait)
Who knows?
Þú veist hvað ég meina.
(Thoo vaist kvadh yeg mainah)
You know what I mean.
Ekkert að þakka!
(ekkert adh thacka)
You're welcome!

Here are some flashcards to help you learn these useful Icelandic phrases.

Flashcards

Icelandic Landscape

Restaurants and Cafés

Here are some useful Icelandic phrases that you can use when you're at a restaurant or café.

Borð fyrir tvo, takk. A table for two, please.
Get ég fengið að sjá matseðilinn. Can I see the menu please.
Get ég fengið salt. May I have some salt.
Get ég fengið smjör. May I have some butter.
Get ég fengið glas af vatn? May I have a glass of water?
Get ég fengið bolla af kaffi? May I have a cup of coffee?
Get ég fengið bolla af te? May I have a cup of tea?
Get ég fengið bjór? May I have a beer?
Get ég fengið reikninginn. The bill, please.
Restaurant
veitingastaðurinn

Colors

This section includes some Icelandic words for common colors.

gulur (yellow)
blár (blue)
dökkblár (navy)
hvítur (white)
grár (grey)
brúnn (brown)
svartur (black)
fjólublár (purple)
rauður (red)
dökkrauður (dark red)
bleikur (pink)
grænn (green)
ljós grænn (light green)
magenta (magenta)
cyan (cyan)
appelsínugulur (orange)

Here are some flashcards to help you learn the Icelandic words for colors.

Flashcards

Numbers

In this section you'll learn the Icelandic words for numbers.

0 núll (nul)
1 einn (aydn)
2 tveir (tvayr)
3 þrír (threer)
4 fjórir (fyohrir)
5 fimm (fimm)
6 sex (sex)
7 sjö (syuh)
8 átta (owt-tah)
9 níu (neeuh)
10 tíu (teeuh)
11 ellefu (ellevuh)
12 tólf (toalf)
13 þrettán
14 fjórtán
15 fimmtán
16 sextán
17 sautján
18 átján
19 nítján
20 tuttugu
21 tuttugu og einn
30 þrjátíu
100 hundrað
101 hundrað og einn
1,000 þúsund

People

In this section you'll learn some Icelandic words for people.

manneskja person
fólk people
móðir mother
faðir father
dóttir daughter
sonur son
barn child
drengur, strákur boy
stelpa girl
Bróðir brother
systir sister
eiginmaður husband
eiginkona wife
Family
fjölskyldan

Adjectives

This section lists some common Icelandic adjectives. Using adjectives in Icelandic is more complicated than in English, since they have different grammatical endings depending on the gender of the noun they modify, if the noun is singular or plural, and whether the noun is a subject or object of a sentence. Wikipedia has an article on the grammar of Icelandic adjectives.

Here are some common sentence forms to use with adjectives.

I am [adjective]. Ég er [adjective].
I am not [adjective]. Ég er ekki [adjective].
Are you [adjective]? Ert þú [adjective]? (to one person)
Eruð þið [adjective]? (plural)
She is [adjective]. Hún er [adjective].
He is too [adjective]. Hann er of [adjective].
It is very [adjective]. Það er mjög [adjective].
It is so [adjective]. Það er svo [adjective].

Here is a list of common Icelandic adjectives.

áhugaverður interesting
bjartur bright
blautur wet
breiður wide
dapur sad
dökk dark
einfaldur simple
erfitt hard (difficult)
fallegur beautiful
gamall old
góður good, nice
hamingjusamur happy
hár high
hávær loud, noisy
hægur slow
hár high, tall
harður hard
heitur hot
hraður fast
hrjúfur rough
kaldur cold
langur long
lágur low
léttur light (not heavy)
lítill small
ljós light (not dark)
mjúkur soft
nýr new
rangur wrong
reiður angry
réttur right (correct)
rólegur quiet
slæmur bad
sléttur smooth
stór big
stuttur short (not long)
þurr dry
þröngur narrow
þunnur thin
þykkur thick
ungur young

Here are some flashcards to help you learn these icelandic adjectives.

Flashcards

More Learning Resources

This section contains a list of resources to help you learn to speak the Icelandic language.

Wikipedia has an overview of Icelandic grammar. Icelandic grammar is a bit complicated and will take a bit of time to learn. Concentrate on mastering the common phrases and work on understanding the grammar at a pace you're comfortable with.

Youtube video showing how to pronounce some basic greeting phrases. Youtube video showing how to pronounce some common phrases.

Google Translate provides Icelandic to English and English to Icelandic translations.

Project Gutenberg has some free Icelandic ebooks.

Iceland has a few online newspapers.

Listen to online radio to help improve your listening skills. Útvarp Saga