Alhambra in Spain

In this lesson you'll learn some very common Spanish phrases that are used for greeting people and saying goodbye. You'll also get some tips on how to pronounce Spanish.

The Spanish numbers from 1 - 10 are also included.

A short conversation in Spanish is included to help you learn how to speak conversational Spanish.

Flashcards are included at the end of the lesson to help you learn the Spanish phrases and the words for numbers introduced in this lesson.

Spanish Pronunciation

Pronunciation of the Spanish language is fairly straightforward. Here are a few things to remember.

The letter h is always silent.

The letter v is pronounced the same as b at the start of a word.

The letter c before e or i is pronounced like the th in thin in Spain, and like the s in sit in Latin America.

The letter combination ll is pronounced like the y is yes.

Accent marks above vowels indicate that that syllable is stressed. If there is no accent mark on a word, the second to last syllable is generally stressed, except when the word ends in d, j, l or r, in which case the last syllable is stressed.

Spanish Phrases

Here are some very common Spanish phrases that you can use when greeting people and meeting new people. Along with the phrase, the pronunciation and English translation are also shown. The syllables in bold are stressed.

Spanish Pronunciation English
Listen Hola. Ohlah. Hello.
Listen Adiós. Ahdeeohss. Goodbye
Listen Hasta luego. Ahsta lwehgo. See you later.
Listen Hasta pronto. Ahsta prohnto. See you soon.
Listen Buenos días. Bwehnos deeahs. Good day.
Good afternoon.
Listen ¿Cómo se llama? ¿Como say
What's your name?
Listen Me llamo Carlos. May yahmoh
My name is Carlos.
Listen Encantado de conocerlo. Encahntahdoh day cohnohtherloh. Nice to meet you.
(when said by male)
Listen Encantada de conocerlo. Encahntahdah day cohnohtherloh. Nice to meet you.
(when said by female)
Listen ¿De dónde es usted? Day dohnday es
Where are you from? (polite)
Listen Soy de ___. Soy deh ___. I'm from ___.

Note: Conocerlo is pronounced cohnohserlo in Central and South America.



Pedro: ¡Hola! Me llamo Pedro. ¿Cómo se llama? Hi! My name is Pedro. What's your name?
Ana: Me llamo Ana. My name is Ana.
Pedro: ¿De dónde es usted? Where are you from?
Ana: Soy de Valencia. I'm from Valencia.
Pedro: Encantado de conocerlo. Adiós. Nice to meet you. Goodbye.
Ana: Adiós. Goodbye.

Numbers 1 - 10

Here are the numbers from one to ten in Spanish.

Listen 1 uno
Listen 2 dos
Listen 3 tres
Listen 4 quatro
Listen 5 cinco
Listen 6 seis
Listen 7 siete
Listen 8 ocho
Listen 9 nueve
Listen 10 diez


Here are some flashcards to help you learn the Spanish phrases for greetings and the numbers from one to ten.