German Nouns


In this lesson you'll learn about nouns in the German language, as well as how to form the plural of German nouns.

You'll also learn the German numbers from one to ten, as well as the German words for some common colors.

Flashcards are included at the end of the lesson to help you learn the German words introduced in this lesson.


A noun is a word that represents a person, place, thing, idea, or concept. In written German, nouns are always capitalized.

All nouns in German have a grammatical gender of either feminine, masculine, or neuter. It's better to think of the grammatical gender as just a category of noun, and not literally, as that can lead to errors. For example, the German word for person is feminine, even if it's a male person.

The gender of the noun affects the form of the definite article, indefinite article, and adjectives related to it. Don't worry too much about that now, it will be covered in other lessons, with lots of examples.

German nouns can form the plural in several different ways. Masculine nouns usually form the plural by adding an e. Feminine nouns usually add an n, en, or occasionally e. Neuter nouns usually add either an e or er. Sometimes a vowel changes in the word in the plural form as well. The same can also happen in English. For example the plural of man in English is men.

When learning a new German noun, it's best to learn the noun along with its plural form and the definite article (the in English) along with it.

The following table shows some examples of German nouns, along with their plural forms and corresponding definite article.

Singular Plural English
der Tisch die Tische the table
der Berg die Berge the mountain
der Ball die Bälle the ball
der Tag die Tage the day
der Schuh die Schuhe the shoe
die Tasche die Taschen the pocket
die Frau die Frauen the woman
die Hand die Hände the hand
die Stadt die Städte the city
die Nacht die Nächte the night
die Mutter die Mütter the mother
das Ding die Dinge the thing
das Bier die Biere the beer
das Haar die Haare the hair
das Kind die Kinder the child
das Bild die Bilder the picture
das Buch die Bücher the book
das Radio die Radios the radio


Here are some examples of how to use nouns in simple sentences.

Die Frau ist hier The woman is here
Der Tisch ist braun. The table is brown.
Der Berg ist hoch. The mountain is tall (high).
Das Kind ist müde. The child is tired.
Die Schuhe sind hier. The shoes are here.
Die Nächte sind warm. The nights are warm.
Die Bücher sind neu. The books are new.



Here are the German numbers from 1 to 10. Have a look at the lesson Numbers for more German words for numbers.

0 null
1 eins
2 zwei
3 drei
4 vier
5 fünf
6 sechs
7 sieben
8 acht
9 neun
10 zehn

Die Farben (Colors)

Here are the German words for some common colors. Have a look at the lesson Colors for more German words for colors.

Gelb (Yellow)
Blau (Blue)
Weiß (White)
Grau (Grey)
Braun (Brown)
Schwarz (Black)
Rot (Red)
Grün (Green)

Noun Flashcards

Here are some flashcards to help you learn the German nouns introduced in this lesson.


This quiz covers the German nouns, words for colours, and numbers included in this lesson. Each time you take the quiz the questions will be a bit different.