Swedish Adjectives

Adjectives

Adjectives are words that are used to describe or provide extra information about a noun or pronoun. In this lesson you'll learn how to use adjectives in the Swedish language, as well as some common Swedish adjectives. Useful sentence templates to use with adjectives are also shown.

Online flashcards and a quiz are included to help you learn these adjectives.

Regular Adjectives

Swedish adjectives have different endings, based on the noun they modify. For example, the adjective grön, which means green has the following forms:

  • grön when used with nouns that use the indefinite article “en”
  • grönt when used with nouns that use the indefinite article “ett”
  • gröna when used with plural nouns or nouns with the definite article.

Examples

en grön kopp
a green cup

ett grönt hus
a green house

gröna hus
green houses

det gröna huset
the green house

Irregular Adjectives

The Swedish adjective for small is irregular.

  • liten when used with nouns that use the indefinite article “en”
  • litet when used with nouns that use the indefinite article “ett”
  • små when used with plural nouns or plural nouns with the definite article
  • lilla when used with singular nouns with the definite article

Examples

ett litet hus
a small house

det lilla huset
the small house

de små husen
the small houses


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Comparative and Superlative

The comparative and superlative forms of adjectives are used when comparing one thing to another. For the comparative form, the suffix are is added to the end of the adjective. for the superlative form, the suffix ast is added to the end of the adjective.

Similar to English, mer and mest can be used instead for adjectives of more than three syllables.

grön green
comparative grönare greener
superlative grönast greenest

Note: When the superlative form precedes a noun, an e is added to the end.

Examples

Jag springer snabbare än dig. I run faster than you.
Jag är snabbast av alla. I am the fastest of all.
Hon har den snabbaste bilen. She has the fastest car.

Irregular Comparisons

Several adjectives in Swedish have irregular comparative and superlative forms. The following table shows these irregular adjectives.

comparative superlative English
bra bättre bäst good
god bättre bäst good
dålig värre värst bad
gammal äldre äldst old
liten mindre minst small
låg lägre lägst low
många fler flest many
stor större störst big/great
ung yngre yngst young

Swedish Phrases

Here are some common sentence templates to use with adjectives. Practice combining these with the adjectives included in this lesson to help you improve your Swedish communication skills.

Jag är [adjective]. I am [adjective].
Är du [adjective]? Are you [adjective]? (singular)
Är ni [adjective]? Are you [adjective]? (plural)
Hon är [adjective]. She is [adjective].
Är hon [adjective]. Is she [adjective].
De är inte [adjective]. They are not [adjective].
Det är ganska [adjective]. It is quite [adjective].
Det är verkligen [adjective]. It is really [adjective].
Det är mycket [adjective]. It is very [adjective].
Det är så [adjective]. It is so [adjective].

Swedish Vocabulary

Here are some very common Swedish adjectives.

arg angry
bra good
bred wide
dålig bad
enkel simple
fel wrong
gammal old
het hot
hård hard
hög high, loud, tall
högljud noisy
intressant interesting
kall cold
kort short (not long)
ledsen sad
liten small, little, short (not tall)
ljus bright, light
lycklig happy
låg low
lång long
långsam slow
lätt light (not heavy)
mjuk soft
mörk dark
ny new
ojämn rough
rätt right (correct)
slät smooth
smal narrow, slim
snabb fast
stor big
svår hard (difficult)
tjock thick
torr dry
trevlig nice
trång narrow, tight, cramped
trött tired
tunn thin
tyst quiet, silent
ung young
vacker beautiful
våt wet
varm hot, warm

Flashcards

Here are some flashcards to help you learn these common Swedish adjectives.

Practice

Practice writing sentences with the Swedish adjectives included in this lesson.

Here is a text area where you can practice writing Swedish.

Quiz

Take this quiz to see how well you know the Swedish adjectives introduced in this lesson.