French Prepositions


In this lesson you'll learn the common prepositions in the French language. Online flashcards are included to help you learn the prepositions.


Prepositions act as linking words that show the relationship between other words in the sentence. Prepositions often indicate the location, in either position or time, of a noun or pronoun. English examples include at and before. Prepositions can also be used to connect nouns to other words in a sentence, such as of and about.

In French, prepositions come before the noun they are associated with, and never come at the end of a sentence.

Prepositions are very common words and are worth memorizing. The common French prepositions are listed below, as well as some examples to show how they are used.

French Vocabulary

Simple Prepositions

à to, at
afin de in order to
après after
avant before
avec with
chez at the home of
contre against
dans in
de from, of, about
depuis since, for
derrière in back of, behind
devant in front of
durant during, while
en in, on, to
entre between
envers toward
jusque until, up to, even
malgré despite
par by, through
parmi among
pendant during
pour for
sans without
selon according to
sous under
suivant following
sur on
vers towards

Compound Prepositions

à côté de next to, beside
à l'intérieur de inside of
à travers across
au dessus de above, on top of
au sujet de about, on the subject of
d'après according to
en dehors de outside of
en face de facing, across from
en raison de because of
hors de outside of
loin de far from
près de near
quant à as for, regarding


Preposition Contractions

The prepositions á and de have shortened forms when followed by le and les.

Short Form
á + le au
á + les aux
de + le du
de + les des

Verbs with à and de

The pronouns à and de when used with certain verbs change the meaning of the verb. The following list shows some examples.

décider à to decide to
décider de to decide to
demander à to ask (for permission
demander de to ask someone to do something
parler à to talk to
parler de to talk about
venir à to happen to
venir de to have just (done something)


Je vais à Paris pour trois semaines I'm going to Paris for three weeks.
Je vais en France avec mon ami. I'm going to France with my friend.
Il vient de Lyon He's coming from Lyon
Elle est à la banque. She's at the bank.
Je suis de Nice. I'm from Nice.
C'est bon à savoir. That's good to know
C'est facile à faire. That's easy to do.
L'argent est sur la table. The money is on the table.
Nous partons dans vingt minutes. We're leaving in twenty minutes.
Je pars à cinq heures. I'm leaving at five.
Ils viennent chez nous ce soir. They're coming to our house this evening.
Il parle de venir la semaine prochaine. He's talking about coming next week.


Here are some flashcards to help you learn the French prepostions.