Lesson 5 - Present Tense


This lesson introduces the present tense of English verbs. The present tense of the very common irregular verb have is also shown. This lesson also introduces the English words for colours. Flashcards are included to help you learn these very common words.


Park Bench


Ashley and Eric are sitting on a bench in a park enjoying a warm summer day.

Eric: What a beautiful day!

Ashley: Yes. I can't believe how warm it is.

Eric: Look at all the people walking around the park.

Ashley: I hear that it is going to rain tomorrow, so people are taking advantage of the nice weather.

Eric: Well, as much as I enjoy sitting in the sunshine, I am getting very hungry.

Ashley: You're not the only one. Let's go.

Eric and Ashley stand up, and walk towards the restaurant.

Vocabulary and Phrases

Sound to sit
Sound park
Sound to enjoy
Sound warm
Sound summer
Sound What a beautiful day!
Sound I can't believe
Sound to walk
Sound It is going to rain tomorrow.
Sound sunshine
Sound tomorrow
Sound to take advantage of
Sound weather
Sound I am getting very hungry.
Sound Let's go.
Sound restaurant



Note: colour (UK spelling), color (US spelling).

Sound Yellow
Sound Blue
Sound Navy Blue
Sound White
Sound Grey
Sound Brown
Sound Orange
Sound Black
Sound Purple
Sound Red
Sound Pink
Sound Green
Sound Light Green
Sound Magenta
Sound Cyan


Verbs - Present Tense

A verb is a word that expresses an action, a condition or a state of being. Verbs have different forms to indicate if the action happened in the past, is currently happening, or will happen in the future. The present tense of a verb is used to indicate that an action, condition or state is:

  • currently happening
  • a general fact or truth
  • habitual, everyday, or expected to continue for an unknown amount of time into the future.
The following table shows the present tense for the regular verb walk. Most verbs follow this pattern.

To Walk

I walk
you walk
he walks
she walks
it walks
we walk
they walk
Andy and his son walk across the street.


I see the cup.
She reads the book.
They think he is wrong.
We believe you.
He sings a song.
She rides a bike.
She rides a bike.
Paul swims in the lake.
Paul swims in the lake.

Verbs - Present Progressive Tense

In English there is also the present progressive tense, also called the present continuous, to indicate that an action is happening in the present. This is is used to emphasize that an action is happening right at this moment, or is happening now but only for a short amount of time.

The present progressive tense is formed using to be with the verb, and adding ing to the end of the verb. For example I am walking. Contractions are often used in this case. For example I'm walking.

I am walking
you are walking
he is walking
she is walking
it is walking
we are walking
they are walking


I'm walking to the store.
He's opening the door.
It's raining.
We're waiting for you.
The cat is sleeping.
The cat is sleeping.
She rides a bike.
Sarah is playing tennis.

To Have

Have is a very common verb that is irregular in the present tense. The following table shows the forms of have in the present tense.

I have
you have
he has
she has
it has
we have
they have


I have an apple.
She has black shoes.
We have a new table.
You have a nice house.
He has a blue car.
They have a grey cat.
She has an apple.
She has an apple.
The boats have white sails.
The boats have white sails.


Reading English

The day is warm and sunny. The sky is blue with a few white clouds. Mark walks along the shore, looking at the waves on the ocean and the boats in the distance. He hears people laughing. He turns to look and sees a family walking a black dog. Mark waves at the family, then walks towards a café he sees in the distance. He climbs up some stairs and walks along the grey sidewalk until he reaches the café. He enters the café and walks up to the counter.

"What would you like?", asks a lady with long, brown hair.

"How much are the muffins?", Mark asks.

"Two dollars and fifteen cents," she replies.

"A blueberry muffin and a large coffee please."

"That's four dollars and twenty cents," she says as she pours the coffee.

Mark pays the lady, then brings his coffee and muffin to a table outside. He takes a sip of his coffee as he looks at the ocean.

English Vocabulary

What would you like?


Here are some flashcards to help you learn the English words for some common colours.


Imagine you are going for a walk. Describe what you see. You may use all or part of the reading assignment for ideas.


Here is an online quiz to help you learn the English vocabulary introduced in this lesson.

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