Lesson 17 - Prepositions


In this lesson you'll learn about prepositions and how to use them in the English language. Many examples of how to use prepositions in English are included.

You'll also learn the English words for some common animals.

English Vocabulary - Animals

In this section you'll learn the English words for some common animals.

Sound cat
Sound dog
Sound butterfly
Sound rabbit
Sound mouse
Sound turtle
Sound snake
Sound bird
Sound duck, bird
Sound pigeon, bird
Sound owl, bird
Sound deer
Sound horse
Sound squirrel
Sound bear
Sound wolf
Sound fox
Sound monkey
Sound whale
Sound dolphins


Grammar - Prepositions

A preposition is a connecting word that shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and another word, usually the subject in a sentence. They are commonly used to give information about time or location.

Prepositions are usually placed after the verb and before the noun or pronoun they are associated with. The noun following the preposition is never the subject of a sentence.

Prepositions are very common words that can have several different meanings. Words used for prepositions are often used as adverbs and conjunctions as well.

A prepositional phrase refers to a preposition and its object. The following are some examples of prepositional phrases.

  • under the bridge
  • in the meadow
  • along the path

Common Prepositions

about above across after
against along among around
at before behind below
beneath beside besides between
beyond by despite down
during for from in
into like near of
off on out over
since through throughout till
toward under until up
with within without


The story is about a cat.
The birds flew above her.
We walked across the bridge.
I usually go for a walk after lunch.
He leaned against the wall.
We walked along the narrow trail.
I sat among the ruins.
What is around the corner?
The stars are visible at night.
The train leaves at 10:30.
Look at the flowers.
They are at home.
I'll do it before the end of the day.
There is a cat behind the window.
My son is sitting beside me.
There is nowhere to sit besides the floor.
I am sitting between two apple trees.
Lunch will be here between 12:30 and 1:30.
I don't know what's beyond the hill.
I like to sit by the river.
I have to finish the book by Friday.
It will be done by the end of the week.
I stopped by your house this morning.
The store was closed by the time I got there.
I fell asleep during the meeting.
He waited for two hours.
She was born in September.
It gets colder in the winter.
My exam is on Tuesday.
The plane flies over the mountains.
She drives through the tunnel.
The road goes under the bridge.
He worked until 6:00.
Can you go with me to the concert?

Compound Prepositions

A compound preposition consists of two or more words, but acts like a single preposition. The following table shows some common compound prepositions.

ahead of as far as because of by means of
in addition to in back of in case of in regard to
in spite of instead of next to out of


They arrived ahead of me.
Your jacket is next to the door.
I finished in spite of the interruptions.


Write a few paragraphs about your favorite animal.


Here are some flashcards to help you learn the English words for common animals.


When you are confident you have learned the material included in this lesson, take the online quiz. Make sure you understand the example sentences in the preposition section.