Lesson 6 - Asking Questions

導入

英語で質問をする方法を学び、このレッスンで否定的な声明をする方法を学びましょう。 英語動詞doも紹介されています。

会話

Seminar

English

Eric and Tom are at a seminar for work. Tom stands up and puts on his jacket.

Eric: Where are you going?

Tom: I'm going to the store.

Eric: Can you get me some juice while you're there?

Tom: Sure. What kind of juice do you want?

Eric: I'd like some orange juice. Do you need some money?

Tom: No. You can pay me later.

日本語

EricとTomは仕事のためのセミナーにあります。 トムは立ち上がって彼のジャケットを置きます。

Eric: どこに行くの?

Tom: 私は店に今つもりです。

Eric: あなたがそこにいる間あなたは私にいくつかのジュースを手に入れることができますか?

Tom: もちろん。 どのようなジュースが欲しいですか?

Eric: いくつかのオレンジジュースが欲しいのですが。 お金が必要ですか。

Tom: いいえ、後で私に支払うことができます。

語彙と例文

Sound Where are you going? どこに行くの?
Sound I'm going to the store. 私は店に今つもりです。
Sound Can you get me some ___?
Sound Do you need some ___?
Sound What kind of ___? どんな ___.
Sound I'd like some ___.
Sound store 格納
Sound juice ジュース
Sound money お金
Sound to want 欲する
Sound to need 要る
Sound to go 行く
Sound to pay 支払う

広告

Question Words

Sound how
Sound what
Sound when 何時
Sound where
Sound which
Sound who
Sound whose
Sound why

文法

To Do 行う

The verb do in English is very common. Aside from its meaning of to act, cause, or perform an action, it is used to add emphasis to another verb. For example: I do eat healthy food.

Although most verbs can be used with do to add emphasis, there are some common verbs where this is not allowed, such as can, be, will, shall, and must.

The following table shows the present tense for the verb do.

do 行う
I do
you do
he does
she does
it does
we do
they do

Negative Statements

To make a sentence negative the word not is added, the verb do is usually also added for emphasis. For example: I do not eat healthy food.

Do not is often contracted to don't. For example: I don't eat healthy food.

Verbs such as can, be, will, shall, and must just add not to make a negative sentence. The following table shows the negative form of do, be and can, as well as any applicable contractions.

do be can
I do not, don't am not cannot, can't
you do not, don't are not, aren't cannot, can't
he does not, doesn't is not, isn't cannot, can't
she does not, doesn't is not, isn't cannot, can't
it does not, doesn't is not, isn't cannot, can't
we do not, don't are not, aren't cannot, can't
they do not, don't are not, aren't cannot, can't

Examples

I don't see the cup. 私はカップを見ません。
She doesn't read the book. 彼女は本を読んでいません。
They don't think he is wrong. 彼らは、彼が間違っているとは思いません。
I don't believe you. 私はあなたを信じません?
He isn't happy. 彼は幸せではありません。
I'm not walking to the store.
He doesn't open the door. 彼はドアを開けていません。
It's not raining. 今は雨が降っていません。
We can't wait for you. 私たちはあなたのために待つことができません。
I can't go today. 今日は行くことはできません。

Asking Questions

There are several ways to ask questions in English.

  1. Start the sentence with the verb do followed by the subject followed by the main verb of the sentence.
  2. Start the sentence with the main verb followed by the subject when the verb is be, will, can, may, shall, or must.
  3. Start the sentence with a question word such as who, where, what, when, how, or why.

Sentences that are questions end in a question mark "?" instead of a period "."

Examples

Can you go to the store?
Do you go to the store?
Does the store sell shoes? 店は靴を販売していますか?
Why do you go to the store? なぜあなたは、店に行くのですか?
Is it possible? それは可能ですか?
How is it possible? どのようにそれは可能ですか?
Who goes to the theater? 誰が劇場に行く?
Why does it do that?
Does he not wash the dishes?
When does the movie start? どのような時間はムービーを開始します?
What is wrong? どうしましたか?

稽古

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Sound
Sound
Sound
Sound
Sound

クイズ

ここでは、このレッスンに含まれる英語の語彙を学び、あなたの進歩をテストするのを助けるための短いオンライン試験です。

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