Lesson 5 - Present Tense
This lesson introduces the present tense of English verbs. The English words for common colours are also introduced.
Ashley and Eric are sitting on a bench in a park, enjoying a warm summer day.
Eric: What a beautiful day!
Ashley: Yes. I can't believe how warm it is.
Eric: Look at all the people walking around the park.
Ashley: I hear that it is going to rain tomorrow, so people are taking advantage of the nice weather.
Eric: Well, as much as I enjoy sitting in the sunshine, I am getting very hungry.
Ashley: You're not the only one. Let's go.
Eric and Ashley stand up, and walk towards the restaurant.
Ashley: はい。 私はそれがどれほど暖かいかを信じることができません。
Ashley: あなただけではありません。 行こう。
|What a beautiful day!||いい天気ですね！|
|I can't believe||私は信じることができません|
|It is going to rain tomorrow.||明日は雨が降ります。|
|to take advantage of||付け込む|
|I am getting very hungry.||私は非常に空腹になってきています。|
音符: colour (UK spelling), color (US spelling).
Verbs - Present Tense
A verb is a word that expresses an action, a condition or a state of being. Verbs have different forms to indicate if the action happened in the past, is currently happening, or will happen in the future. The present tense of a verb is used to indicate that an action, condition or state is:
- currently happening
- a general fact or truth
- habitual, everyday, or expected to continue for an unknown amount of time into the future.
To Walk (歩く)
|I see the cup.||私はカップ見る。|
|She reads the book.||彼女は本を読みます。|
|They think he is wrong.||彼らは彼が間違っていると思います。|
|We believe you.|
|He sings a song.||彼は歌を歌っています。|
Verbs - Present Progressive Tense
In English there is also the present progressive tense, also called the present continuous, to indicate that an action is happening in the present. This is is used to emphasize that an action is happening right at this moment, or is happening now but only for a short amount of time.
The present progressive tense is formed using to be with the verb, and adding ing to the end of the verb. For example I am walking. Contractions are often used in this case. For example I'm walking.
|I'm walking to the store.||私は店に行く。|
|He's opening the door.||彼はドアを開きます。|
|We're waiting for you.|
Have is a very common verb that is irregular in the present tense. The following table shows the forms of have in the present tense.
|I have an apple.||私はリンゴを持っています。|
|She has black shoes.||彼女は黒の靴を持っています。|
|We have a new table.||私たちは新しいテーブルを持っています。|
|You have a nice house.||あなたは素敵な家を持っています。|
|He has a blue car.||彼は青い車を持っています。|
|They have a grey cat.||彼らは灰色の猫を持っています。|
The day is warm and sunny. The sky is blue with a few white clouds. Mark walks along the shore, looking at the waves on the ocean and the boats in the distance. He hears people laughing. He turns to look and sees a family walking a black dog. Mark waves at the family, then walks towards a café he sees in the distance. He climbs up some stairs and walks along the grey sidewalk until he reaches the café. He enters the café and walks up to the counter.
"What would you like?", asks a lady with long, brown hair.
"How much are the muffins?", Mark asks.
"Two dollars and fifteen cents," she replies.
"A blueberry muffin and a large coffee please."
"That's four dollars and twenty cents," she says as she pours the coffee.
Mark pays the lady, then brings his coffee and muffin to a table outside. He takes a sip of his coffee as he looks at the ocean.
|What would you like?|
Here are some flashcards to help you learn the English words for some common colours.
Imagine you are going for a walk. Describe what you see. You may use all or part of the reading assignment for ideas.