Lesson 5 - Present Tense

導入

This lesson introduces the present tense of English verbs. The English words for common colours are also introduced.

会話

Park Bench

English

Ashley and Eric are sitting on a bench in a park, enjoying a warm summer day.

Eric: What a beautiful day!

Ashley: Yes. I can't believe how warm it is.

Eric: Look at all the people walking around the park.

Ashley: I hear that it is going to rain tomorrow, so people are taking advantage of the nice weather.

Eric: Well, as much as I enjoy sitting in the sunshine, I am getting very hungry.

Ashley: You're not the only one. Let's go.

Eric and Ashley stand up, and walk towards the restaurant.

日本語

アシュレイとエリックは公園のベンチに座っていて、暖かい夏の日を楽しんでいます。

Eric: いい天気ですね!

Ashley: はい。 私はそれがどれほど暖かいかを信じることができません。

Eric: 公園を歩くすべての人を見てください。

Ashley: 明日雨が降ると聞いているので、人々は素敵な天気を楽しんでいます。

Eric: さて、私が日差しの中に座っているのが好きなだけ、私は非常に空腹になってきています。

Ashley: あなただけではありません。 行こう。

EricとAshleyは立ち上がってレストランに向かって歩きます。

語彙と例文

Sound to sit 座る
Sound park パーク
Sound to enjoy 楽しむ
Sound warm 暖かい
Sound summer
Sound What a beautiful day! いい天気ですね!
Sound I can't believe 私は信じることができません
Sound to walk 歩く
Sound It is going to rain tomorrow. 明日は雨が降ります。
Sound sunshine 日光
Sound tomorrow 明日
Sound to take advantage of 付け込む
Sound weather 天候
Sound I am getting very hungry. 私は非常に空腹になってきています。
Sound Let's go. 行こう。
Sound restaurant レストラン

広告

Colours 色

音符: colour (UK spelling), color (US spelling).

Sound Yellow
Sound Blue
Sound Navy Blue
Sound White
Sound Grey
Sound Brown
Sound Orange
Sound Black
Sound Purple
Sound Red
Sound Pink
Sound Green
Sound Light Green
Sound Magenta
Sound Cyan

文法

Verbs - Present Tense

A verb is a word that expresses an action, a condition or a state of being. Verbs have different forms to indicate if the action happened in the past, is currently happening, or will happen in the future. The present tense of a verb is used to indicate that an action, condition or state is:

  • currently happening
  • a general fact or truth
  • habitual, everyday, or expected to continue for an unknown amount of time into the future.
The following table shows the present tense for the regular verb walk. Most verbs follow this pattern.

To Walk (歩く)

I walk
you walk
he walks
she walks
it walks
we walk
they walk
Walking
Andy and his son walk across the street.

Examples

I see the cup. 私はカップ見る。
She reads the book. 彼女は本を読みます。
They think he is wrong. 彼らは彼が間違っていると思います。
We believe you.
He sings a song. 彼は歌を歌っています。
She rides a bike.
She rides a bike.
Paul swims in the lake.
Paul swims in the lake.

Verbs - Present Progressive Tense

In English there is also the present progressive tense, also called the present continuous, to indicate that an action is happening in the present. This is is used to emphasize that an action is happening right at this moment, or is happening now but only for a short amount of time.

The present progressive tense is formed using to be with the verb, and adding ing to the end of the verb. For example I am walking. Contractions are often used in this case. For example I'm walking.

I am walking
you are walking
he is walking
she is walking
it is walking
we are walking
they are walking

Examples

I'm walking to the store. 私は店に行く。
He's opening the door. 彼はドアを開きます。
It's raining.
We're waiting for you.
The cat is sleeping.
The cat is sleeping.
She rides a bike.
Sarah is playing tennis.

To Have

Have is a very common verb that is irregular in the present tense. The following table shows the forms of have in the present tense.

I have
you have
he has
she has
it has
we have
they have

Examples

I have an apple. 私はリンゴを持っています。
She has black shoes. 彼女は黒の靴を持っています。
We have a new table. 私たちは新しいテーブルを持っています。
You have a nice house. あなたは素敵な家を持っています。
He has a blue car. 彼は青い車を持っています。
They have a grey cat. 彼らは灰色の猫を持っています。
She has an apple.
She has an apple.
The boats have white sails.
The boats have white sails.

英語を読む

The day is warm and sunny. The sky is blue with a few white clouds. Mark walks along the shore, looking at the waves on the ocean and the boats in the distance. He hears people laughing. He turns to look and sees a family walking a black dog. Mark waves at the family, then walks towards a café he sees in the distance. He climbs up some stairs and walks along the grey sidewalk until he reaches the café. He enters the café and walks up to the counter.

"What would you like?", asks a lady with long, brown hair.

"How much are the muffins?", Mark asks.

"Two dollars and fifteen cents," she replies.

"A blueberry muffin and a large coffee please."

"That's four dollars and twenty cents," she says as she pours the coffee.

Mark pays the lady, then brings his coffee and muffin to a table outside. He takes a sip of his coffee as he looks at the ocean.

語彙

day
sunny 晴れた
cloud
sky
wave
ocean 海洋
distance
hears
turns
sees
family ファミリ
waves
climbs
sidewalk 歩道
reaches
enters
What would you like?
asks
hair
replies
says
pours
pays
brings
table

Flashcards

Here are some flashcards to help you learn the English words for some common colours.

稽古

Imagine you are going for a walk. Describe what you see. You may use all or part of the reading assignment for ideas.

クイズ

ここでは、このレッスンに含まれる英語の語彙を学び、あなたの進歩をテストするのを助けるための短いオンライン試験です。

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