Lesson 8 - Adverbs

導入

Welcome to lesson 8 of the Learn English course. In this lesson you'll learn how to use adverbs in the English language. You'll also learn some common English adverbs. Flashcards are included to help you learn the adverbs introduced in this lesson.

会話

Cathy needs a new shirt, so she and Sarah walk into a clothing store.

Sarah: This t-shirt is very nice.

Cathy: Yeah, but it's too small.

Sarah: How about this blouse.

Cathy: I don't like the colour.

Sarah: These shirts are on sale, and they are very cheap.

Cathy: I like the blue shirt and the red shirt.

Sarah: I think I want to buy one of these shirts too.

Cathy: Which color do you like?

Sarah: I like the white shirt.

Cathy: Let's go buy them.

Clothing Store

語彙と例文

Sound This t-shirt is very nice.
Sound How about this blouse?
Sound I don't like ___.
Sound I think I want to buy one of these shirts too.
Sound Let's go buy them.
Sound cheap
Sound shirt

広告

Adverbs

Sound already 既に
Sound always 常に
Sound even さえ
Sound happily 幸せに
Sound here ここに
Sound immediately すぐに
Sound never 決して
Sound now
Sound often しばしば
Sound quickly 逸早く
Sound sadly 悲しげに
Sound shortly まもなく
Sound slowly ゆっくり
Sound sometimes 時々
Sound so そう, だから
Sound soon やがて
Sound suddenly 突然
Sound there そこ
Sound too 余りに
Sound usually 通常
Sound very 非常に

文法

Adverbs

Adverbs are words that modify or qualify a verb, adjective or another adverb. Adverbs usually express manner, place, time, frequency, degree, or level of certainty. They’re often used to answer questions such as how, where, when, how often, and to what extent. Adverbs go before the word they modify.

Adjectives can often be made into adverbs by adding ly to the end of an adjective.

Adjective Adverb
soft softly
slow slowly
happy happily

Here are some examples of how to use adverbs in sentences. The adverbs are in bold.

Examples

They always go to the store on Monday.
I'm never late.
She never drinks coffee.
Wait here.
We slowly walked up the hill.
Suddenly he was there.
I often drink tea in the afternoon.

Sentence Templates

A very common sentence template in English is:
subject + be very + adjective.
The subject of a sentence can be a noun or pronoun.

Examples

The pizza is very good.
We are very hungry.
I am very happy.
She is very smart.
The TV is very expensive.
The store is not very busy.

Another common sentence template in English is:
subject + be too + adjective.

Or when asking a question:
be + subject + too + adjective?

Examples

The coffee is too cold.
I am too tired.
The TV is too expensive.
Is the TV too expensive?
The TV is not too expensive.

Here are some more very common sentence templates that use the verb be, adjectives and adverbs.

  • subject + be really + adjective.
  • subject + be quite + adjective.
  • subject + be so + adjective.
  • be + subject + really so + adjective?
  • subject + be pretty + adjective.

Similar templates can be used with the other linking verbs.

Examples

She is really happy.
He is quite tall.
You are so nice!
Is it really so hard?
The coffee is pretty strong.
The cookies are so good!
It was pretty easy.
She seems really nice.
I feel so tired.
It feels so cold.
Does it really look so bad?
They look pretty tired.

Adverbs of Frequency

When talking about routines and habits, adverbs of frequency are often used. The following table shows these adverbs ordered from most frequent to least frequent.

100% always
almost always
usually
often
frequently
sometimes
occasionally
seldom
hardly ever
rarely
0% never

稽古

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Sound
Sound
Sound
Sound
Sound

クイズ

Here is the online quiz for this lesson. Make sure you have learned the adverbs and the sentence structures included in this lesson. Once you have passed it, you can start the next lesson.

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