レッスン 3 - 名詞

導入

Welcome to lesson 3 of the Learn English course. In this lesson you learn about nouns in the English language, as well as the definite and indefinite articles. You'll also learn the English words for the numbers from 1 to 20, as well as some common English words for people.

会話

Library

Cathy and Sarah are studying at the university library.

Cathy: I have two books to read for my course.

Sarah: Are the books interesting?

Cathy: I like one of the books.

Sarah: Let me read the book when you are done.

Cathy: Sure. How many courses do you have?

Sarah: I have five courses, but one course only lasts for four weeks.

語彙と例文

次の単語やフレーズのそれぞれを発音する練習をしてください。 音声録音を聞いて、発音が正しいことを確認します。

Sound Cathy and Sarah are studying at the university library. キャシーとサラは大学の図書館で勉強しています。
Sound I have two books. 私は2つの異なる教科書を持っています。
Sound Are the books interesting? 図書面白いですか?
Sound I like one of the books. 私はその本の一つが好きです。
Sound Let me read the book when you are done. 私は本を読んでみましょう。
Sound Sure. もちろん。
Sound How many courses do you have? どのように多くコース?
Sound I have five courses, but one course only lasts for four weeks. 私は5つのコースを持っていますが、1つのコースは4週間しか続きません。

広告

People

Sound baby 赤ちゃん
Sound boy 男の子
Sound brother 兄, お兄さん, 弟, 弟さん
Sound child 子供
Sound children 子供
Sound daughter 娘, お嬢さん
Sound father 父, お父さん
Sound girl 女の子
Sound man おとこ
Sound men おとこ
Sound mother 母, お母さん
Sound people
Sound person
Sound sister 姉, お姉さん, 妹, 妹さん
Sound son 息子, 息子さん
Sound woman 女性たち, 女子
Sound women 女性たち, 女子
People
  Father      Baby      Mother

文法

名詞

Nouns are words that refer to people, places, things and concepts. In English nouns can refer to one item (singular) or more than one item (plural). The plural of nouns is formed several different ways.

  1. Add an s to the end of the noun. This is the most common.
  2. Add es to nouns ending in s, x, z, ch, or sh.
  3. Nouns that end in y, preceded by a consonant, drop the y and add ies
  4. Some nouns that end in f or fe change the f to v as well as adding an s. (half - halves, knife - knives, leaf - leaves, life - lives, loaf - loaves, self - selves, shelf - shelves, thief - thieves, wolf - wolves, scarf - scarves)
  5. Change the spelling and pronunciation of the noun. (child - children, foot - feet, mouse - mice, man - men, goose - geese)
  6. A few nouns are the same for both the singular and plural form. (fish, deer, series, species)

Examples

Singular Plural
boat boats ボート
book books 本, 書物
course courses コース
match matches 試合, 匹敵
valley valleys
sky skies
child children 子供
man men おとこ
woman women 女性たち, 女子
mouse mice マウス
foot feet
tooth teeth
fish fish
Sailboat Sailboats
Leaf Leaves
Box Boxes

Definite and Indefinite Articles

Definite Article

The word the is one of the most common words in the English language. It is called the definite article and is used before a noun to indicate that the noun indicates a specific object or concept.

Indefinite Article

The word an is also very common in the English language. It is called the indefinite article and is used before a noun to indicate the noun is not referring to a specific object or concept, but that category of object in general. When the following word starts with a consonant, the n is dropped. The indefinite article is not used with plural nouns.

Examples

the boat ボート
the boats ボート
a boat ボート
boats ボート
an apple りんご
apples りんご
An Apple Apples

数字(一から二十)

The following table shows the English words for the numbers from 1 to 20.

Sound 1 one
Sound 2 two
Sound 3 three
Sound 4 four
Sound 5 five
Sound 6 six
Sound 7 seven
Sound 8 eight
Sound 9 nine
Sound 10 ten
Sound 11 eleven
Sound 12 twelve
Sound 13 thirteen
Sound 14 fourteen
Sound 15 fifteen
Sound 16 sixteen
Sound 17 seventeen
Sound 18 eighteen
Sound 19 nineteen
Sound 20 twenty

英語を読む

Hi. My name is Paul. I am fifteen years old. I have a brother. His name is Mark, and he is sixteen. I also have a sister. Her name is Sarah, and she is fourteen. My family lives in a house in San Francisco. Our house has four bedrooms and three bathrooms. There are two apple trees and a small garden in our back yard.

語彙

name
house
yard ヤード
garden ガーデン
tree ツリー, 木
bathroom 浴室
bedroom 寝室

稽古

Write about your family and where you live.

クイズ

ここでは、このレッスンに含まれる英語の語彙を学び、あなたの進歩をテストするのを助けるための短いオンライン試験です。

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