レッスン 3 - 名詞
Welcome to lesson 3 of the Learn English course. In this lesson you learn about nouns in the English language, as well as the definite and indefinite articles. You'll also learn the English words for the numbers from 1 to 20, as well as some common English words for people.
Cathy and Sarah are studying at the university library.
Cathy: I have two books to read for my course.
Sarah: Are the books interesting?
Cathy: I like one of the books.
Sarah: Let me read the book when you are done.
Cathy: Sure. How many courses do you have?
Sarah: I have five courses, but one course only lasts for four weeks.
|Cathy and Sarah are studying at the university library.||キャシーとサラは大学の図書館で勉強しています。|
|I have two books.||私は2つの異なる教科書を持っています。|
|Are the books interesting?||図書面白いですか？|
|I like one of the books.||私はその本の一つが好きです。|
|Let me read the book when you are done.||私は本を読んでみましょう。|
|How many courses do you have?||どのように多くコース？|
|I have five courses, but one course only lasts for four weeks.||私は5つのコースを持っていますが、1つのコースは4週間しか続きません。|
|brother||兄, お兄さん, 弟, 弟さん|
|sister||姉, お姉さん, 妹, 妹さん|
Nouns are words that refer to people, places, things and concepts. In English nouns can refer to one item (singular) or more than one item (plural). The plural of nouns is formed several different ways.
- Add an s to the end of the noun. This is the most common.
- Add es to nouns ending in s, x, z, ch, or sh.
- Nouns that end in y, preceded by a consonant, drop the y and add ies
- Some nouns that end in f or fe change the f to v as well as adding an s. (half - halves, knife - knives, leaf - leaves, life - lives, loaf - loaves, self - selves, shelf - shelves, thief - thieves, wolf - wolves, scarf - scarves)
- Change the spelling and pronunciation of the noun. (child - children, foot - feet, mouse - mice, man - men, goose - geese)
- A few nouns are the same for both the singular and plural form. (fish, deer, series, species)
Definite and Indefinite Articles
The word the is one of the most common words in the English language. It is called the definite article and is used before a noun to indicate that the noun indicates a specific object or concept.
The word an is also very common in the English language. It is called the indefinite article and is used before a noun to indicate the noun is not referring to a specific object or concept, but that category of object in general. When the following word starts with a consonant, the n is dropped. The indefinite article is not used with plural nouns.
The following table shows the English words for the numbers from 1 to 20.
Hi. My name is Paul. I am fifteen years old. I have a brother. His name is Mark, and he is sixteen. I also have a sister. Her name is Sarah, and she is fourteen. My family lives in a house in San Francisco. Our house has four bedrooms and three bathrooms. There are two apple trees and a small garden in our back yard.
Write about your family and where you live.